International Journal of Language & Linguistics

ISSN 2374-8850 (Print), 2374-8869 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijll

Basic Locative Constructions and Simple Clause Structures of English, Akan, and Safaliba
Edward Owusu, Dr. John Agor, Asuamah Adade-Yeboah, Dr. Kofi Dovlo

This paper discusses some basic locative constructions and simple clause structures of English, Akan (a majority language in Ghana) and Safaliba (a minority language in Ghana). Specifically, the paper compares the simple clause of and the basic locative constructions in these three languages by showing clearly how native speakers of these languages produce forms to express meaning. Structures such as clause functions, relative clause, verb forms, serial verb constructions, noun phrase, negation, and locative constructions have been employed as touchstones in juxtaposing the three languages. The data used,were drawn from native speakers’ intuition and expressions about the location of entities (this has been vividly explained in section 1.3). Several observations were made. For example, it was realised that while English and Safaliba are pre-determiner languages, Akan is post-determiner language. Again as English recognises prepositions, Akan and Safaliba use postposition.

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