International Journal of Language & Linguistics

ISSN 2374-8850 (Print), 2374-8869 (Online)

Speech Act Verb in Old Javanese: Natural Semantics Metalanguage Analysis
Ni Ketut Ratna Erawati, I Ketut Ngurah Sulibra

Universally, every language has a lexicon that grouped into categories of verbs. However, this category could be classified into specific sub. Based on the semantics component, verbs in Old Javanese are classified into a state verb, process verb, and action verbs. Speech verb is one of the action verbs. Based on morphological typology, Old Javanese belongs to the agglutination type. Therefore, it is definitely that the Old Javanese has various morphemes in the forming the verb. Verbs belonging to the speech verbs in Old Javanese are various. Therefore, this topic is analyzed with the theory of natural semantic metalanguage (NSM). The theory is packed with a number of relevant concepts applied in discussing the topic. Based on the analysis of each speech verb lexicon of Old Javanese, then every lexicon reflects two important components of semantics, namely: dictum and illocutionary purposes which reveal subtle meaning features that have a field of similar meaning. By way of explication, each lexicon can be analyzed thoroughly without any bias. Therefore, the postulate in semantic i.e. one form-one meaning and one meaning to a form highly relevant.

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