International Journal of Language & Linguistics

ISSN 2374-8850 (Print), 2374-8869 (Online)

The Lexical Interference of Bataknese Language into Japanese Language amongst Students in Universitas Sumatera Utara
Mhd. Pujiono, Nelvita, SS., M.Hum

Abstract
Every language has phonology, morphology and syntactical system where the sentence can be spoken, written and used by anyone due to the universality nature of language. Even so, due to the uniqueness of every language, the grammatical system is different and this situation will not hinder people to contact with other languages occurred in the most possible way or situation such as immigrants need to learn local language or students learn foreign language. This eventually leads them to begin the contact with other languages. Due to the different structure of the languages, language deviance is relatively affirmative. This language deviance phenomenon is known as language distortion or language interference. This research discusses about lexical interference of Bataknese language into Japanese language occurred among Japanese literature students of Universitas Sumatera Utara. There are 40 respondents come from freshmen, sophomore, junior and senior students. This research utilized qualitative methodology where the technique of collecting data were sorting or segregating and jotting down while the theory mainly used was Weinrich. The result of this research discovered that there are 72% of noun interference, 10% verb interference, 10% adjective interference and 8% adverbial interference. The most dominant interference is noun interference. This explains that there is a very obvious language interference of Bataknese language into Japanese language.

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